Dog Bite—Related Fatalities From 1979 Through 1988

Jeffrey J. Sacks, Richard W. Sattin, Sandra E. Bonzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By combining data from the National Center for Health Statistics and computerized searching of news stories, we identified 157 dog bite—related fatalities that occurred in the United States from 1979 through 1988. Of the 157 deaths, 70% occurred among children who were less than 10 years of age. The death rate for neonates was almost 370 times that of adults who were 30 to 49 years of age. Pit bull breeds were involved in 42 (41.6%) of 101 deaths where dog breed was reported, almost three times more than German shepherds, the next most commonly reported breed. The proportion of deaths attributable to pit bulls increased from 20% in 1979 and 1980 to 62% in 1987 and 1988. Pit bull attacks were almost twice as likely to be caused by strays as attacks by other breeds. Extrapolated estimates suggest 183 to 204 dog bite—related fatalities from 1979 through 1988. To prevent such deaths, we recommend stronger animal control laws, public education regarding dog bites, and more responsible dog ownership. Parents and physicians should be aware that infants left alone with a dog may be at risk of death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1489-1492
Number of pages4
JournalJAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume262
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 1989

Fingerprint

Dogs
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Ownership
Bites and Stings
Parents
Newborn Infant
Physicians
Education
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Dog Bite—Related Fatalities From 1979 Through 1988. / Sacks, Jeffrey J.; Sattin, Richard W.; Bonzo, Sandra E.

In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 262, No. 11, 15.09.1989, p. 1489-1492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sacks, Jeffrey J. ; Sattin, Richard W. ; Bonzo, Sandra E. / Dog Bite—Related Fatalities From 1979 Through 1988. In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1989 ; Vol. 262, No. 11. pp. 1489-1492.
@article{c798222324f54597bfec1abea52da44f,
title = "Dog Bite—Related Fatalities From 1979 Through 1988",
abstract = "By combining data from the National Center for Health Statistics and computerized searching of news stories, we identified 157 dog bite—related fatalities that occurred in the United States from 1979 through 1988. Of the 157 deaths, 70{\%} occurred among children who were less than 10 years of age. The death rate for neonates was almost 370 times that of adults who were 30 to 49 years of age. Pit bull breeds were involved in 42 (41.6{\%}) of 101 deaths where dog breed was reported, almost three times more than German shepherds, the next most commonly reported breed. The proportion of deaths attributable to pit bulls increased from 20{\%} in 1979 and 1980 to 62{\%} in 1987 and 1988. Pit bull attacks were almost twice as likely to be caused by strays as attacks by other breeds. Extrapolated estimates suggest 183 to 204 dog bite—related fatalities from 1979 through 1988. To prevent such deaths, we recommend stronger animal control laws, public education regarding dog bites, and more responsible dog ownership. Parents and physicians should be aware that infants left alone with a dog may be at risk of death.",
author = "Sacks, {Jeffrey J.} and Sattin, {Richard W.} and Bonzo, {Sandra E.}",
year = "1989",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1001/jama.1989.03430110079032",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "262",
pages = "1489--1492",
journal = "JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association",
issn = "0002-9955",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dog Bite—Related Fatalities From 1979 Through 1988

AU - Sacks, Jeffrey J.

AU - Sattin, Richard W.

AU - Bonzo, Sandra E.

PY - 1989/9/15

Y1 - 1989/9/15

N2 - By combining data from the National Center for Health Statistics and computerized searching of news stories, we identified 157 dog bite—related fatalities that occurred in the United States from 1979 through 1988. Of the 157 deaths, 70% occurred among children who were less than 10 years of age. The death rate for neonates was almost 370 times that of adults who were 30 to 49 years of age. Pit bull breeds were involved in 42 (41.6%) of 101 deaths where dog breed was reported, almost three times more than German shepherds, the next most commonly reported breed. The proportion of deaths attributable to pit bulls increased from 20% in 1979 and 1980 to 62% in 1987 and 1988. Pit bull attacks were almost twice as likely to be caused by strays as attacks by other breeds. Extrapolated estimates suggest 183 to 204 dog bite—related fatalities from 1979 through 1988. To prevent such deaths, we recommend stronger animal control laws, public education regarding dog bites, and more responsible dog ownership. Parents and physicians should be aware that infants left alone with a dog may be at risk of death.

AB - By combining data from the National Center for Health Statistics and computerized searching of news stories, we identified 157 dog bite—related fatalities that occurred in the United States from 1979 through 1988. Of the 157 deaths, 70% occurred among children who were less than 10 years of age. The death rate for neonates was almost 370 times that of adults who were 30 to 49 years of age. Pit bull breeds were involved in 42 (41.6%) of 101 deaths where dog breed was reported, almost three times more than German shepherds, the next most commonly reported breed. The proportion of deaths attributable to pit bulls increased from 20% in 1979 and 1980 to 62% in 1987 and 1988. Pit bull attacks were almost twice as likely to be caused by strays as attacks by other breeds. Extrapolated estimates suggest 183 to 204 dog bite—related fatalities from 1979 through 1988. To prevent such deaths, we recommend stronger animal control laws, public education regarding dog bites, and more responsible dog ownership. Parents and physicians should be aware that infants left alone with a dog may be at risk of death.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024421920&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024421920&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/jama.1989.03430110079032

DO - 10.1001/jama.1989.03430110079032

M3 - Article

C2 - 2769900

AN - SCOPUS:0024421920

VL - 262

SP - 1489

EP - 1492

JO - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JF - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

SN - 0002-9955

IS - 11

ER -