Ectopic pregnancy: Its relationship to tubal reconstructive surgery

G. Lavy, M. P. Diamond, A. H. DeCherney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ectopic pregnancy is the shady companion of tubal surgery. Among patients with ectopic pregnancy, relatively few have a history of tubal surgery as their underlying etiologic factor when compared with other etiologies such as PID. Nevertheless, a history of tubal surgery should place the patient at a higher-risk group for ectopic pregnancy; 3% to 20% of these patients will encounter an ectopic pregnancy after the corrective surgery. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy after tubal surgery is extremely variable and is closely linked to the degree of restoration of normal functional and anatomic integrity after the surgical procedure. This depends, to a large extent, on the amount of previous damage to the tube and its potential reversibility. Major improvements in surgical technique can, therefore, have reduced, but not eliminated, the occurrence of tubal pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy associated with any given tubal surgical procedure should be taken into consideration when surgery is contemplated. When the risk of ectopic pregnancy is unacceptably high, or when the patient is reluctant to be exposed to a high risk of ectopic pregnancy, IVF-ET could be offered as an alternative. Table 11 represents the incidence of ectopic pregnancy associated with the various surgical procedures. The figures demonstrate the wide variation in outcome for the same procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-556
Number of pages14
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume47
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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