Effect of pulpal pressure on the microtensile bond strength of luting resin cements to human dentin

N. Hiraishi, C. K.Y. Yiu, N. M. King, F. R. Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations


Objectives: The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of pulpal pressure on the microtensile bond strength (mTBS) of luting resin cements to human dentin and the permeability of dentin surfaces pre-treated with an adhesive and a self-etching primer. Methods: Cylindrical composite blocks were luted with resin cements (RelyX ARC, 3M ESPE: ARC; Panavia F, Kuraray Medical Inc.: PF; RelyX Unicem, 3M ESPE: UN) in the absence or presence of simulated pulpal pressure. The application of Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) and ED primer 2.0 (Kuraray) was performed under 0 cm H2O. After each resin cement was applied, the pulpal pressure group was subjected to 20 cm H2O of hydrostatic pressure for 10 min during the initial setting period. Testing for mTBS was performed on 0.9 mm × 0.9 mm sectioned beams after 24 h water-storage. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to investigate the fractured surfaces after mTBS testing and additional dentin surfaces that were treated by an etchant, ED primer 2.0 and UN. Fluid permeability was measured on dentin surfaces that were applied with Adper Single Bond 2 and ED primer 2.0. Results: Application of pulpal pressure reduced mTBS significantly in groups ARC and PF. Porous bonding interfaces due to water permeability through the cured adhesive were observed on fractured surfaces. Dentin surfaces that were applied with the adhesive and the primer were more permeable than smear layer-covered dentin. The mTBS of UN was significantly lower than ARC and PF regardless of the absence/presence of pulpal pressure. Significance: Fluid permeation during the initial setting period deteriorated the bonding quality of resin cements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009



  • Fractography
  • Microtensile bond strength
  • Permeability
  • Pulpal pressure
  • Resin cement
  • SEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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