Effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-12 (rhBMP-12) on regeneration of periodontal attachment following tooth replantation in dogs: A pilot study

Rachel G. Sorensen, Giuseppe Polimeni, Atsuhiro Kinoshita, John M. Wozney, Ulf M E Wikesjö

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Subcutaneous and intramuscular implants of bone morphogenetic protein-12 (BMP-12) have been shown to induce formation of tendon and ligament tissue. BMP-12 induced a new attachment with a distinct fibrocartilaginous zone at the tendon-bone interface in the rat tendon-bone attachment model. Surgical controls showed poor healing and failure to reform the appropriate tendon-bone attachment morphologically. Application of recombinant human BMP-12 (rhBMP-12) to periodontal defects suggests that rhBMP-12 has the potential to support regeneration of the periodontal ligament (PDL). The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate this effect of rhBMP-12 in a tooth replantation model. Methods: Six, young adult, male Hound Labrador mongrel dogs were used. Maxillary and/or mandibular incisor and premolar teeth were extracted and the PDL was either left "intact" or removed by root planing. rhBMP-12 (1.0 mg/ml) or a buffer control was topically applied to teeth with "intact" PDL in contralateral jaw quadrants in each of 3 animals. The teeth were immersed in 1.0 ml of the rhBMP-12 or the buffer solution for 10 min and then replanted. The remaining three animals received rhBMP-12 (1.0 mg/ml) and the buffer control in a similar fashion applied to teeth instrumented to remove the PDL and cementum, and surface demineralized with citric acid. The animals were euthanized at 8 weeks postsurgery and block sections were collected and processed for histopathologic analysis. Results: No dramatic differences were found between teeth receiving topical rhBMP-12 and the buffer control. Application of rhBMP-12 did not have an apparent effect on new cementum and PDL formation in the tooth replantation model. Moreover, application of rhBMP-12 did not increase nor did it decrease the apparent presence and extent of ankylosis along the root surface compared to the control. Conclusions: The observations from this study do not support the use of topical rhBMP-12 to support the reestablishment of the PDL including regeneration of cementum and functionally oriented fibers, and to prevent ankylosis and root resorption following replantation of teeth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-661
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Ankylosis
  • Cementum
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Periodontal regeneration
  • Root resorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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