Effects of a community-based multimodal exercise program on physical function and quality of life in cancer survivors: A pilot study

Michael P Foley, Vernon A Barnes, Scott Hasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this single-arm pilot study was to examine the effects of a community-based multimodal exercise program on: physical function (Timed-Up-and-Go [TUG], 6-min walk test [6MWT], leg and chest press strength, and functional reach [FR]); and quality of life, QoL [FACT-G]), in cancer survivors. Fifty-nine cancer survivors (91.5% female; mean age 59±12 years) completed supervised exercise training for 90min twice weekly for 12 weeks. Exercise training consisted of 30min of each of the following: (1) aerobic conditioning; (2) resistance training; and (3) balance and flexibility training. Pre-post-outcome measures were compared for statistically significant differences (p<0.01) and were related to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Model. Effect sizes (ES), minimal clinically important differences, and minimal detectable change at 90% confidence intervals were calculated. Participants decreased TUG time by 21.1% and walked 15.5% farther during 6-MWT (p<0.001). Leg and chest press strength increased by 34.5% and 32.7%, respectively (p<0.001). FR increased by 15.1% (p<0.001). Significant improvements for physical well-being (13.9%), emotional well-being (6.7%), functional well-being (13.0%), and total well-being (9.6%) were found (p<0.01). Improvements in physical function and QoL showed "moderate to large" ESs indicating improvements in physical function and QoL are clinically meaningful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiotherapy Theory and Practice
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cancer survivors
  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Physical function
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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