Effects of aerobic dance on physical work capacity, cardiovascular function and body composition of middle-aged women

Deborah B. Dowdy, Kirk J. Cureton, Harry P. Duval, Harvey G. Ouzts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic dance on physical work capacity, cardiovascular function and body composition of young middle-aged women. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), heart rate during submaximal treadmill walking, resting heart rate and blood pressure, and body composition were determined before and after a 10-week aerobic dance conditioning program in 28 women (18 experimental and 10 control), aged 25 to 44 years. During the 10-week treatment period, the experimental subjects participated in 45 min of aerobic dance at 70-85% of the heart rate reserve, 3 days · week-1, whereas the control group did not participate in any regular strenuous physical activity. Changes in the experimental group were significantly greater than in the control group for VO2 max expressed in 1 · min-1 or relative to body weight or fat-free weight (5 to 7% vs. -5 to -8%), time on a continuous grade-incremented walking treadmill test (16% vs. 1%), heart rate during submaximal stages of the treadmill test (-9% vs. 1%) and resting heart rate (-8% vs. 2%). Resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure; body weight; percent fat, fat weight, and fat-free weight estimated using underwater weighing; sum of seven skinfolds; and sum of seven circumferences did not change significantly in either group. It was concluded that aerobic dance performed 30-45 min, 3 days · week-l for 10 weeks significantly improves physical work capacity and cardiovascular function, but without dietary control, does not alter body composition in sedentary middle-aged women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1985
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerobic dance
  • Body composition
  • Cardiovascular function
  • Maximal oxygen uptake
  • Physical conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nephrology

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