Effects of cigarette smoking, hypoxia and vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in cultured pulmonary artery endothelial cells

Yunchao Su, Wang Di-xun

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and some vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in normoxic and hypoxic pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) in culture were studied. The production of PGI2 in PAECs was inhibited by hypoxia or verapamil, but promoted by angiotensin II (A II), noradrenaline (NE) or platelet activating factor (PAF), while that of TXA2 slightly increased except when treated with PAF. The effect of A II, NE, PAF and verapamil, however, was not influenced by hypoxia. CSE inhibited the production of PGI2 in normoxic PAECs but did not further reduce 6-keto-PGF in hypoxic PAECs medium. The results suggested that a) the production of PGI2 during hypoxia might be stimulated by vasoactive mediators produced during hypoxia, not by hypoxia directly; b) the production and release of PGI, were related to intracellular calcium, c) the augmented production of PGI2 might be one of the mechanisms in the pulmonary vasodilating role of PAF: and d) prostaglandin production might be associated with the alteration of hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity after cigarette smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-9
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Tongji Medical University
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Endothelial cells
Epoprostenol
Tobacco Products
Pulmonary Artery
Platelet Activating Factor
Endothelial Cells
Smoking
Platelets
Verapamil
Smoke
Angiotensin II
Norepinephrine
Lung
Prostaglandins
Cell Culture Techniques
Hypoxia
Cigarette smoking
Mediator
Cell culture
Calcium

Keywords

  • hypoxia
  • prostaglandins
  • pulmonary circulation
  • smoking
  • vascular endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

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abstract = "Effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and some vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in normoxic and hypoxic pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) in culture were studied. The production of PGI2 in PAECs was inhibited by hypoxia or verapamil, but promoted by angiotensin II (A II), noradrenaline (NE) or platelet activating factor (PAF), while that of TXA2 slightly increased except when treated with PAF. The effect of A II, NE, PAF and verapamil, however, was not influenced by hypoxia. CSE inhibited the production of PGI2 in normoxic PAECs but did not further reduce 6-keto-PGF1α in hypoxic PAECs medium. The results suggested that a) the production of PGI2 during hypoxia might be stimulated by vasoactive mediators produced during hypoxia, not by hypoxia directly; b) the production and release of PGI, were related to intracellular calcium, c) the augmented production of PGI2 might be one of the mechanisms in the pulmonary vasodilating role of PAF: and d) prostaglandin production might be associated with the alteration of hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity after cigarette smoking.",
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AU - Su, Yunchao

AU - Di-xun, Wang

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N2 - Effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and some vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in normoxic and hypoxic pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) in culture were studied. The production of PGI2 in PAECs was inhibited by hypoxia or verapamil, but promoted by angiotensin II (A II), noradrenaline (NE) or platelet activating factor (PAF), while that of TXA2 slightly increased except when treated with PAF. The effect of A II, NE, PAF and verapamil, however, was not influenced by hypoxia. CSE inhibited the production of PGI2 in normoxic PAECs but did not further reduce 6-keto-PGF1α in hypoxic PAECs medium. The results suggested that a) the production of PGI2 during hypoxia might be stimulated by vasoactive mediators produced during hypoxia, not by hypoxia directly; b) the production and release of PGI, were related to intracellular calcium, c) the augmented production of PGI2 might be one of the mechanisms in the pulmonary vasodilating role of PAF: and d) prostaglandin production might be associated with the alteration of hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity after cigarette smoking.

AB - Effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and some vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in normoxic and hypoxic pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) in culture were studied. The production of PGI2 in PAECs was inhibited by hypoxia or verapamil, but promoted by angiotensin II (A II), noradrenaline (NE) or platelet activating factor (PAF), while that of TXA2 slightly increased except when treated with PAF. The effect of A II, NE, PAF and verapamil, however, was not influenced by hypoxia. CSE inhibited the production of PGI2 in normoxic PAECs but did not further reduce 6-keto-PGF1α in hypoxic PAECs medium. The results suggested that a) the production of PGI2 during hypoxia might be stimulated by vasoactive mediators produced during hypoxia, not by hypoxia directly; b) the production and release of PGI, were related to intracellular calcium, c) the augmented production of PGI2 might be one of the mechanisms in the pulmonary vasodilating role of PAF: and d) prostaglandin production might be associated with the alteration of hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity after cigarette smoking.

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