Effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and some vasoactive mediators on the production of PGI2 and TXA2 in normoxic and hypoxic pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) in culture were studied. The production of PGI2 in PAECs was inhibited by hypoxia or verapamil, but promoted by angiotensin II (A II), noradrenaline (NE) or platelet activating factor (PAF), while that of TXA2 slightly increased except when treated with PAF. The effect of A II, NE, PAF and verapamil, however, was not influenced by hypoxia. CSE inhibited the production of PGI2 in normoxic PAECs but did not further reduce 6-keto-PGF1α in hypoxic PAECs medium. The results suggested that a) the production of PGI2 during hypoxia might be stimulated by vasoactive mediators produced during hypoxia, not by hypoxia directly; b) the production and release of PGI, were related to intracellular calcium, c) the augmented production of PGI2 might be one of the mechanisms in the pulmonary vasodilating role of PAF: and d) prostaglandin production might be associated with the alteration of hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity after cigarette smoking.
- pulmonary circulation
- vascular endothelium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Management of Technology and Innovation