Effects of smoking on quality of life following sinus surgery: 4-Year follow-up

Subinoy Das, Sunny S. Khichi, Helen Perakis, Troy Woodard, Stilianos E. Kountakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study is to report on long-term outcomes in a prospective study comparing the quality-of-life outcomes in smokers and nonsmokers undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Study Design: Prospective clinical trial. Methods: A total of 235 patients were prospectively enrolled at a single tertiary academic center. Preoperative Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT)-20 scores and comprehensive demographic and smoking data were obtained. Preoperative SNOT-20 scores were compared to postoperative SNOT-20 scores. Results: Long-term follow-up results were available in 111/185 nonsmokers (60%) and 26/50 smokers (52%). Nonsmokers had a mean preoperative SNOT-20 score of 26.2, a short-term follow-up score of 10.1 (mean, 3.1 months) and a long-term follow-up score of 11.4 (mean, 44.2 months). Smokers had a mean preoperative SNOT-20 score of 27.8, a short-term follow-up score of 5.7 (mean, 3.1 months) and a long-term follow-up score of 8.3 (mean, 40.3 months). The mean improvement in SNOT-20 scores for smokers was significantly greater than nonsmokers in short-term follow-up (P = .044), however, no significant difference in improvement was seen between smokers and nonsmokers at long-term follow-up. Conclusions: Both smokers and nonsmokers continue to maintain a highly significant improvement in SNOT-20 scores following endoscopic sinus surgery at long-term follow-up. Although smoking remains a well-documented cause of medical morbidity, smokers maintained an improvement in quality of life after long-term follow-up from endoscopic sinus surgery in this prospective study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2284-2287
Number of pages4
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009



  • Endoscopic sinus surgery
  • Quality of life
  • SNOT-20
  • Smoking
  • Surgical outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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