Bosutinib is approved in the United States, Europe, Japan, and other countries for treatment of newly diagnosed chronic phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and CML resistant/intolerant to prior therapy. In the phase 3 BFORE trial (Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02130557), patients were randomized 1:1 to first-line bosutinib or imatinib 400 mg once daily. We examined efficacy, safety, and patient-reported outcomes of bosutinib vs imatinib and pharmacokinetics of bosutinib in the Asian (n = 33 vs 34) and non-Asian (n = 235 vs 234) subpopulations of BFORE followed for at least 24 months. At the data cutoff date, 72.7 vs 66.7% of Asian and 70.6 vs 66.4% of non-Asian patients remained on treatment. The major molecular response rate at 24 months favored bosutinib vs imatinib among Asian (63.6 vs 38.2%) and non-Asian (60.9 vs 52.6%) patients, as did the complete cytogenetic response rate by 24 months (86.7 vs 76.7%, 81.5 vs 76.3%). Treatment-emergent adverse events in both subpopulations were consistent with the primary BFORE results. Trough bosutinib concentration levels tended to be higher in Asian patients. Health-related quality of life was maintained after 12 months of bosutinib in both subpopulations. These results support bosutinib as a first-line treatment option in Asian patients with CP CML.
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
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