Efficacy of a step-by-step carving technique for dental students

Alan J. Kilistoff, Louis Mackenzie, Marcel D'Eon, Krista Trinder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study demonstrates the effectiveness of a step-by-step carving technique that is quickly and efficiently mastered by dental students. Thirty-six final-year dental students volunteered to participate in this study. The students were given pre-prepared lower right first molar simulation teeth that had the occlusal half replaced in carving wax. The study was conducted in three time phases: pre-test (Time 1), participative learning (Time 2), and post-test (Time 3). The pre-test had the students carve the wax with no instruction. Instruction and demonstration of the technique were given at Time 2, and the post-test had the students carve the tooth again with no guidance but with training. A statistically significant increase with a nearly medium effect size was found from Time 1 to Time 2. A statistically significant increase with a medium effect size was found when comparing Time 2 to Time 3. A statistically significant increase with a large effect size was found when comparing Time 1 to Time 3. This technique has proved to be an effective method of simultaneously teaching a large cohort of predoctoral dental students. The technique is consistent with constructivist learning theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental education
Volume77
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amalgam carving
  • Constructivist learning
  • Dental education
  • Educational methodology
  • Psychomotor skills
  • Wax carving

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)

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