Electron dose kernels to account for secondary particle transport in deterministic simulations

Ahmad Khaled Al-Basheer, Glenn E. Sjoden, Monica Ghita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For low-energy photons, charged-particle equilibrium usually exists within the patient treatment volume, in which case the photon absorbed dose D is equal to the collisional kerma Kc; however, this is not true for the dose buildup region near the surface of the patient or at interfaces of dissimilar materials, such as tissue/lung, where corrections for secondary electron transport may be significant. This is readily treated in Monte Carlo codes, yet difficult to treat explicitly in deterministic codes due to the large optical thicknesses and added numerical complexities in reaching convergence in photon-electron transport problems. To properly treat three-dimensional electron transport physics deterministically, yet still achieve reasonably fast and accurate whole-body computation times using high-energy photons, angular-energy- dependent transport "electron dose kernels" (EDK-Sn) have been developed. These kernels were derived via full physics Monte Carlo electron transport simulations and are applied using scaling based on rapid deterministic photon solutions over the problem phase-space, thereby accounting for the dose from charged-particle electron transport. As a result, accurate whole-body doses may be rapidly achieved for high-energy photon sources by performing a single deterministic SN multigroup photon calculation on a parallel cluster with PENTRAN, then linking the SN-derived photon fluxes and net currents to Monte Carlo-based EDKs to account for a full physics dose. Water phantom results using a uniform 0- to 8-MeV step uniform beam indicate that the dose can be accurately obtained within the uncertainty of a full physics Monte Carlo simulation. Followup work will implement this method on phantoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-918
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Technology
Volume168
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Photons
dosage
Electrons
photons
electrons
Physics
simulation
physics
Charged particles
charged particles
Patient treatment
Dissimilar materials
energy
lungs
optical thickness
Light sources
Electron Transport
Tissue
Fluxes
scaling

Keywords

  • Kernels. Monte Carlo
  • Pentran

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Electron dose kernels to account for secondary particle transport in deterministic simulations. / Al-Basheer, Ahmad Khaled; Sjoden, Glenn E.; Ghita, Monica.

In: Nuclear Technology, Vol. 168, No. 3, 01.01.2009, p. 906-918.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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