Elevated expression of Erbin destabilizes ERα protein and promotes tumorigenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma

Hua Wu, Su Yao, Shen Zhang, Jing Ru Wang, Peng Da Guo, Xiu Ming Li, Wen Juan Gan, Lin Mei, Tian Ming Gao, Jian Ming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims Aberrant estrogen receptor-α (ERα) expression and signaling are implicated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its regulation in HCC remains enigmatic. Herein, we aimed to identify a new mechanism by which ERα signaling is regulated in HCC, which may lead to a potential new strategy for HCC therapy. Methods Expression levels of Erbin and ERα in human HCC samples were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In vitro and in vivo experiments were used to assess the effect of Erbin and ERα signaling on HCC cell growth. Crosstalk between Erbin and ERα signaling was analyzed by molecular methods. Animal models of diethylnitrosamine (DEN) or DEN/CCl4-induced HCC in wild-type Erbin+/+ and mutant ErbinΔC/ΔC mice were observed. The regulatory effects of Erbin on tamoxifen treatment of HCC were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Results Erbin inactivated ERα signaling to drive tumorigenesis of HCC, acting to enhance binding of Chip to ERα via its interaction with ERα and thereby promoting ubiquitination and degradation of ERα. Deletion of the PDZ domain of Erbin in ErbinΔC/ΔC mice, disrupted the interaction of Chip and ERα, increased the stability of ERα protein, and thus inhibited tumorigenesis of HCC. Silencing of Erbin effectively sensitized the response of HCC after tamoxifen treatment in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions Our data uncovered an important role of Erbin in regulating HCC tumorigenesis through inactivating ERα-mediated tumor-suppressive signaling, suggesting a new strategy for tamoxifen therapy in HCC by targeting Erbin/ERα signaling axis. Lay summary Erbin expression is significantly elevated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue. This elevated expression of Erbin contributes to tumorigenesis of HCC by negatively regulating ERα signaling. However, restoring ERα signaling by inhibiting Erbin expression enhances the sensitivity of HCC cells to tamoxifen treatment, providing a new approach for tamoxifen treatment in HCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1193-1204
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • ERα signaling
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Mouse model
  • Tamoxifen therapy
  • Tumorigenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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