Endothelin mediates superoxide production and vasoconstriction through activation of NADPH oxidase and uncoupled nitric-oxide synthase in the rat aorta

E. Dabbs Loomis, Jennifer C Sullivan, David A. Osmond, David M. Pollock, Jennifer S. Pollock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of endothelin 1 (ET-1) in the vasculature activate NADPH oxidase and/or uncoupled nitric-oxide synthase (NOS), resulting in O2-. production, and mediate increased constriction. Rat aortic rings were incubated with ET-1 or vehicle in the presence and absence of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ebselen (glutathione peroxidase mimetic), apocynin (NADPH oxidase inhibitor), L-NAME (Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) (NOS inhibitor), tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) (NOS cofactor), or selective ETA and ETB receptor antagonists (BQ-123 [cyclo(D-Asp-Pro-D-Val-Leu-D- Trp)] and A-192621 [[2R-(4-propoxyphenyl)-4S-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-(N-(2,6- diethylphenyl)aminocarbonyl-methyl)-pyrrolidine-3R-carboxylic acid]], respectively). O2-. production was monitored by oxidized dihydroethidine staining and/or lucigenin chemiluminescence. ET-1 significantly increased O2-. production compared with vehicle. SOD, ebselen, and apocynin inhibited the ET-1-induced increase in O2 -. in intact and endothelium-denuded aorta. L-NAME and BH4 inhibited the ET-1-induced increase in O2-. in intact tissue, whereas these two compounds had no effect on ET-1-induced O 2-. in endotheliumdenuded aorta. Preincubation with BQ-123 or A-192621, individually, had no effect on ET-1-induced O2 -.; however combining both antagonists inhibited the ET-1-stimulated increase in O2-.. Rat aortic rings were incubated with ET-1 or vehicle in the presence or absence of sepiapterin (BH4 synthesis substrate) or apocynin and mounted on wire myographs to determine isometric force generation in response to increasing KCl concentrations. ET-1 increased the contractile response to KCl compared with vehicle. Treatment with either sepiapterin or apocynin attenuated the ET-1-mediated increase with no effect of sepiapterin or apocynin alone. These data support the hypothesis that ET-1 increases vascular tone, in part, through ETA/ETB receptor activation of O2-. production from NADPH oxidase and NOS uncoupling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1058-1064
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume315
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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