Epigenetic Regulation in Kidney Toxicity: Insights From Cisplatin Nephrotoxicity

Xiaohong Xiang, Chunyuan Guo, Chengyuan Tang, Juan Cai, Zheng Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: Nephrotoxicity, as a result of the exposure of kidney to endogenous and exogenous toxins, is an important factor for acute kidney injury and the development of progressive chronic kidney disease. Cisplatin is among the most widely studied kidney toxicants. In the past decade, epigenetic regulation has emerged as a notable pathogenic mechanism in cisplatin nephrotoxicity, including DNA methylation, histone modification, and noncoding RNAs. In this review, we use cisplatin nephrotoxicity as an example to highlight the epigenetic alteration, function, and underlying mechanism in kidney toxicity. The study of epigenetic regulation in kidney toxicity is still in its infancy, and further investigation will bring new insights for the development of novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Nephrology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetic
  • cisplatin nephrotoxicity
  • histone modification
  • noncoding RNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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