Epithelial Sodium Channel Alpha Subunit (αENaC) Is Associated with Inverse Salt Sensitivity of Blood Pressure

Peng Xu, Anastasia V. Sudarikova, Daria V. Ilatovskaya, John J. Gildea, Mahabuba Akhter, Robert M. Carey, Wei Yue, Pedro A. Jose, Robin A. Felder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP) refers to an increase in BP following an increase in dietary salt, which is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and early death. However, decreased sodium intake also increases mortality and morbidity. Inverse salt sensitivity (ISS), defined as a paradoxical increase in BP on a low-salt diet, about 11% of the population, may be the cause of this phenomenon. The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a major regulator of sodium reabsorption in the kidney. In this study, human renal tubular epithelial cells (hRTC) were cultured from the urine of phenotyped salt study participants. αENaC expression was significantly lower in ISS than salt resistant (SR) hRTC, while ENaC-like channel activity was dramatically increased by trypsin treatment in ISS cells analyzed by patch clamp. αENaC expression was also decreased under high-salt treatment and increased by aldosterone treatment in ISS cells. Moreover, the αENaC variant, rs4764586, was more prevalent in ISS. In summary, αENaC may be associated with ISS hypertension on low salt. These findings may contribute to understanding the mechanisms of ISS and low salt effect on morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number981
JournalBiomedicines
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • aldosterone
  • ENaC
  • inverse salt sensitivity
  • patch clamp
  • salt resistance
  • salt sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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