Exosomes Secreted from CXCR4 Overexpressing Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promote Cardioprotection via Akt Signaling Pathway following Myocardial Infarction

Kai Kang, Ruilian Ma, Wenfeng Cai, Wei Huang, Christian Paul, Jialiang Liang, Yuhua Wang, Tiejun Zhao, Ha Won Kim, Meifeng Xu, Ronald W. Millard, Zhili Wen, Yigang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objective. Exosomes secreted from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have demonstrated cardioprotective effects. This study examined the role of exosomes derived from MSC overexpressing CXCR4 for recovery of cardiac functions after myocardial infarction (MI). Methods. In vitro, exosomes from MSC transduced with lentiviral CXCR4 (ExoCR4) encoding a silencing sequence or null vector were isolated and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. Gene expression was then analyzed by qPCR and Western blotting. Cytoprotective effects on cardiomyocytes were evaluated and effects of exosomes on angiogenesis analyzed. In vivo, an exosome-pretreated MSC-sheet was implanted into a region of scarred myocardium in a rat MI model. Angiogenesis, infarct size, and cardiac functions were then analyzed. Results. In vitro, ExoCR4 significantly upregulated IGF-1α and pAkt levels and downregulated active caspase 3 level in cardiomyocytes. ExoCR4 also enhanced VEGF expression and vessel formation. However, effects of ExoCR4 were abolished by an Akt inhibitor or CXCR4 knockdown. In vivo, ExoCR4 treated MSC-sheet implantation promoted cardiac functional restoration by increasing angiogenesis, reducing infarct size, and improving cardiac remodeling. Conclusions. This study reveals a novel role of exosomes derived from MSCCR4 and highlights a new mechanism of intercellular mediation of stem cells for MI treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number659890
JournalStem Cells International
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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