Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions

Physiological and self-report indices

Michael Edward Stefanek, Robert L. Hodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two sessions of relaxation instructions were administered under high and low expectancy conditions. Fifty-four college students scoring high on a self-report measure of anxiety served as subjects. Live and taped abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation instructions and a self-relaxation condition were equally effective in reducing within-session self-report and physiological indices of anxiety. High expectancy instructions led to greater reductions in heart rate than did low expectancy instructions. Factors controlling anxiety reduction during relaxation therapies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalBiofeedback and Self-Regulation
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

anxiety
Self Report
Anxiety
Autogenic Training
Relaxation Therapy
college students
heart rate
Heart Rate
Students
muscles
therapeutics

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • expectancy effects
  • live versus taped relaxation training
  • relaxation instructions
  • self-relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions : Physiological and self-report indices. / Stefanek, Michael Edward; Hodes, Robert L.

In: Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.03.1986, p. 21-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stefanek, Michael Edward ; Hodes, Robert L. / Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions : Physiological and self-report indices. In: Biofeedback and Self-Regulation. 1986 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 21-29.
@article{7cd70e628cd4460a8d327a41cd47e5be,
title = "Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions: Physiological and self-report indices",
abstract = "Two sessions of relaxation instructions were administered under high and low expectancy conditions. Fifty-four college students scoring high on a self-report measure of anxiety served as subjects. Live and taped abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation instructions and a self-relaxation condition were equally effective in reducing within-session self-report and physiological indices of anxiety. High expectancy instructions led to greater reductions in heart rate than did low expectancy instructions. Factors controlling anxiety reduction during relaxation therapies are discussed.",
keywords = "anxiety, expectancy effects, live versus taped relaxation training, relaxation instructions, self-relaxation",
author = "Stefanek, {Michael Edward} and Hodes, {Robert L.}",
year = "1986",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF00999349",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "21--29",
journal = "Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback",
issn = "1090-0586",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions

T2 - Physiological and self-report indices

AU - Stefanek, Michael Edward

AU - Hodes, Robert L.

PY - 1986/3/1

Y1 - 1986/3/1

N2 - Two sessions of relaxation instructions were administered under high and low expectancy conditions. Fifty-four college students scoring high on a self-report measure of anxiety served as subjects. Live and taped abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation instructions and a self-relaxation condition were equally effective in reducing within-session self-report and physiological indices of anxiety. High expectancy instructions led to greater reductions in heart rate than did low expectancy instructions. Factors controlling anxiety reduction during relaxation therapies are discussed.

AB - Two sessions of relaxation instructions were administered under high and low expectancy conditions. Fifty-four college students scoring high on a self-report measure of anxiety served as subjects. Live and taped abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation instructions and a self-relaxation condition were equally effective in reducing within-session self-report and physiological indices of anxiety. High expectancy instructions led to greater reductions in heart rate than did low expectancy instructions. Factors controlling anxiety reduction during relaxation therapies are discussed.

KW - anxiety

KW - expectancy effects

KW - live versus taped relaxation training

KW - relaxation instructions

KW - self-relaxation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022982104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022982104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00999349

DO - 10.1007/BF00999349

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 21

EP - 29

JO - Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback

JF - Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback

SN - 1090-0586

IS - 1

ER -