Fibrin clot adhesion to dentin conditioned with protein constructs: An in vitro proof-of-principle study

David L. Baker, Sarah A. Stanley Pavlow, Ulf M E Wikesjö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Periodontal regeneration is contingent on the adsorption, uninterrupted adhesion, and maturation of a fibrin clot to a periodontally compromised root surface. Clot adhesion appears vitally dependent on the formation of a resilient union between the clot and the root surface. Root surface demineralization will remove a root surface smear layer exposing dentin tubules and collagen matrix for enhanced clot adhesion. Recently, protein constructs have been introduced to condition the root during periodontal surgery. The effect of such root conditioning on clot adhesion has not been clarified. The objective of this study was to evaluate clot adhesion to protein conditioned dentin surfaces. Methods: Human dentin blocks (4 x 6 x 1 mm) were exposed to a saturated citric acid solution (CA) or a commercial ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) preparation using standardized protocols. Some dentin blocks were additionally conditioned with proteins, either bovine serum albumin (BSA) or an enamel matrix protein preparation (EMP). Fresh human whole blood was applied to the blocks. The blood was allowed to clot for 20 min. in a humidified chamber. The dentin blocks were rinsed 3 x 5 min. in phosphate-buffered saline under standardized conditions to test clot adhesion. They were then processed for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Two masked examiners independently evaluated the SEM images. Results: CA removed the dentin smear layer, exposing dentin tubules and collagen. EDTA appeared less efficacious leaving smear layer residues. The BSA or EMP application resulted in a surface morphology similar to that of a smear layer. Fibrin clot adhesion was best supported by the CA-treated dentin surface. Forces produced by the rinse protocol partially removed the fibrin clot from EDTA-treated surfaces. BSA-or EMP-treated surfaces poorly retained the fibrin clot. Conclusions: CA surface demineralization removes a dentin surface smear layer to promote adhesion of a fibrin clot. The EDTA gel appears less effective. Further conditioning of the dentin surface with protein constructs produces a surface morphology similar to that of the smear layer with poor fibrin clot retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Periodontal regeneration
  • Root conditioning
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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