Functional disorders of the anus and rectum

William E. Whitehead, A. Wald, N. E. Diamant, P. Enck, J. H. Pemberton, S. S.C. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

220 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)II55-II59
JournalGut
Volume45
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anismus
  • Constipation
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Levator ani syndrome
  • Pelvic floor dyssynergia
  • Proctalgia fugax
  • Rome II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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  • Cite this

    Whitehead, W. E., Wald, A., Diamant, N. E., Enck, P., Pemberton, J. H., & Rao, S. S. C. (1999). Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. Gut, 45(SUPPL. 2), II55-II59. https://doi.org/10.1136/gut.45.2008.ii55