Functional disorders of the anus and rectum

William E. Whitehead, A. Wald, N. E. Diamant, P. Enck, J. H. Pemberton, Satish Sanku Chander Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

224 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGut
Volume45
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - Sep 24 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Rectal Diseases
Fecal Incontinence
Pelvic Floor
Anal Canal
Ataxia
Rectum
Epidemiology
Pain
Muscles
Therapeutics
Direction compound
Levator syndrome

Keywords

  • Anismus
  • Constipation
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Levator ani syndrome
  • Pelvic floor dyssynergia
  • Proctalgia fugax
  • Rome II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Whitehead, W. E., Wald, A., Diamant, N. E., Enck, P., Pemberton, J. H., & Rao, S. S. C. (1999). Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. Gut, 45(SUPPL. 2).

Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. / Whitehead, William E.; Wald, A.; Diamant, N. E.; Enck, P.; Pemberton, J. H.; Rao, Satish Sanku Chander.

In: Gut, Vol. 45, No. SUPPL. 2, 24.09.1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Whitehead, WE, Wald, A, Diamant, NE, Enck, P, Pemberton, JH & Rao, SSC 1999, 'Functional disorders of the anus and rectum', Gut, vol. 45, no. SUPPL. 2.
Whitehead WE, Wald A, Diamant NE, Enck P, Pemberton JH, Rao SSC. Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. Gut. 1999 Sep 24;45(SUPPL. 2).
Whitehead, William E. ; Wald, A. ; Diamant, N. E. ; Enck, P. ; Pemberton, J. H. ; Rao, Satish Sanku Chander. / Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. In: Gut. 1999 ; Vol. 45, No. SUPPL. 2.
@article{7d39b2e1eb2948f58430220e1a5d7ab5,
title = "Functional disorders of the anus and rectum",
abstract = "In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.",
keywords = "Anismus, Constipation, Fecal incontinence, Levator ani syndrome, Pelvic floor dyssynergia, Proctalgia fugax, Rome II",
author = "Whitehead, {William E.} and A. Wald and Diamant, {N. E.} and P. Enck and Pemberton, {J. H.} and Rao, {Satish Sanku Chander}",
year = "1999",
month = "9",
day = "24",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
journal = "Gut",
issn = "0017-5749",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "SUPPL. 2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Functional disorders of the anus and rectum

AU - Whitehead, William E.

AU - Wald, A.

AU - Diamant, N. E.

AU - Enck, P.

AU - Pemberton, J. H.

AU - Rao, Satish Sanku Chander

PY - 1999/9/24

Y1 - 1999/9/24

N2 - In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.

AB - In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.

KW - Anismus

KW - Constipation

KW - Fecal incontinence

KW - Levator ani syndrome

KW - Pelvic floor dyssynergia

KW - Proctalgia fugax

KW - Rome II

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0011017425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0011017425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

VL - 45

JO - Gut

JF - Gut

SN - 0017-5749

IS - SUPPL. 2

ER -