Genomics for Nursing Education and Practice: Measuring Competency

Gwen Anderson, Anna C. Alt-White, Kendra L. Schaa, Andrea Monique Boyd, Christine E. Kasper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Nurses lack genome literacy, skill, and self-confidence in applying genomics to health care. Standardized curricula and evaluation tools are needed for wide spread uptake and application of genome science in nursing education, practice, and research. Aim: To determine whether psychometrically robust survey instruments exist to assess knowledge, skills, attitudes, and self-confidence in applying genomic nursing competency among students and registered nurses. Design: Psychometric systematic review. Data Sources: Medline, CINAHL, Academic Search Elite, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations were searched from 1995 to 2014, with an English language restriction. Procedures: Critical analysis of the study elements and psychometric attributes was conducted after data were abstracted into analysis and synthesis tables. The synthesis assessed the design, methods, and measurement properties with a focus on reliability and validity using 16 criteria on a 4-point grading scale. Findings: Twelve studies were included in a detailed review that focused on assessment of genomic nursing core competencies. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. In terms of psychometric quality of the instruments, one study scored high, two moderate, two low, and one very low. Linking Evidence to Action: Most instruments assess self-perceived rather than objectively assessed competency. The highest quality instrument lacks clinical application. Knowledge-focused test questions based on up-to-date genome science that are relevant to practice need to be developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalWorldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Competency
  • Genetic nursing
  • Genomic education
  • Genomic nursing
  • Instruments
  • Integrative review
  • Literature review
  • Measurement
  • Nursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Anderson, G., Alt-White, A. C., Schaa, K. L., Boyd, A. M., & Kasper, C. E. (2015). Genomics for Nursing Education and Practice: Measuring Competency. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 12(3), 165-175. https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12096