H3K9me3 represses G6PD expression to suppress the pentose phosphate pathway and ROS production to promote human mesothelioma growth

Chunwan Lu, Dafeng Yang, John D. Klement, Yolonda L. Colson, Nicholas H. Oberlies, Cedric J. Pearce, Aaron H. Colby, Mark W. Grinstaff, Zhuoqi Liu, Huidong Shi, Hanfei Ding, Kebin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) in human cancer is incompletely understood. In a metabolite screening, we observed that inhibition of H3K9 methylation suppressed aerobic glycolysis and enhances the PPP in human mesothelioma cells. Genome-wide screening identified G6PD as an H3K9me3 target gene whose expression is correlated with increased tumor cell apoptosis. Inhibition of aerobic glycolysis enzyme LDHA and G6PD had no significant effects on tumor cell survival. Ablation of G6PD had no significant effect on human mesothelioma and colon carcinoma xenograft growth in athymic mice. However, activation of G6PD with the G6PD-selective activator AG1 induced tumor cell death. AG1 increased tumor cell ROS production and the resultant extrinsic and intrinsic death pathways, mitochondrial processes, and unfolded protein response in tumor cells. Consistent with increased tumor cell death in vitro, AG1 suppressed human mesothelioma xenograft growth in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. Furthermore, AG1 treatment significantly increased tumor-bearing mouse survival in an intra-peritoneum xenograft athymic mouse model. Therefore, in human mesothelioma and colon carcinoma, G6PD is not essential for tumor growth. G6PD acts as a metabolic checkpoint to control metabolic flux towards the PPP to promote tumor cell apoptosis, and its expression is repressed by its promotor H3K9me3 deposition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2651-2662
Number of pages12
JournalOncogene
Volume41
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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