Analysis of amplified DNA through hybridization with 32P-labelled synthetic oligonucleotide probes has provided data about the molecular abnormality for β-thalassaemic globin genes present in 32 Black and eight Mediterranean patients with Hb S(c)-β+ -thalassaemia. The patients were categorized according to these β-thalassaemia mutations, and average haematological and haemoglobin composition data were compared for each of four different groups. Twenty-eight Black patients had the -29 A→G substitution and four had the -88 C→T substitution; all had mild disease with comparable haematology and an average Hb A level of 20%. Six Mediterranean patients had the IVS-1, 110 G→A mutation; their haematological data were nearly the same as that for the Black patients except for a lower Hb A value of 11%. Two Turkish patients with the IVS-2, 745 C→G mutation were more severely affected with mild sickling disease and low Hb A levels of 5%. Hb F levels varied greatly because of age differences; high (G)γ values were observed only in patients with a β-thalassaemia chromosome having an Xmn I site 5' to (G)γ. The data readily explain the variability in Hb A level that has been repeatedly noted in patients with Hb S(C)-β+-thalassaemia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
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