HDM2 promotes WIP1-mediated medulloblastoma growth

Meghan C. Buss, Tracy Ann Read, Matthew J. Schniederjan, Khanjan Gandhi, Robert C. Castellino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant childhood brain tumor. The protein phosphatase and oncogene WIP1 is over-expressed or amplified in a significant number of primary human medulloblastomas and cell lines. In the present study, we examine an important mechanism by which WIP1 promotes medulloblastoma growth using in vitro and in vivo models. Human cell lines and intracerebellar xenografted animal models were used to study the role of WIP1 and the major TP53 regulator, HDM2, in medulloblastoma growth. Stable expression of WIP1 enhances growth of TP53 wild-type medulloblastoma cells, compared with cells with stable expression of an empty-vector or mutant WIP1. In an animal model, WIP1 enhances proliferation and reduces the survival of immunodeficient mice bearing intracerebellar xenografted human medulloblastoma cells. Cells with increased WIP1 expression also exhibit increased expression of HDM2. HDM2 knockdown or treatment with the HDM2 inhibitor Nutlin-3a, the active enantomer of Nutlin-3, specifically inhibits the growth of medulloblastoma cells with increased WIP1 expression. Nutlin-3a does not affect growth of medulloblastoma cells with stable expression of an empty vector or of mutant WIP1. Knockdown of WIP1 or treatment with the WIP1 inhibitor CCT007093 results in increased phosphorylation of known WIP1 targets, reduced HDM2 expression, and reduced growth specifically in WIP1 wild-type and high-expressing medulloblastoma cells. Combined WIP1 and HDM2 inhibition is more effective than WIP1 inhibition alone in blocking growth of WIP1 high-expressing medulloblastoma cells. Our preclinical study supports a role for therapies that target WIP1 and HDM2 in the treatment of medulloblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-458
Number of pages19
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HDM2
  • MDM2
  • PPM1D
  • WIP1
  • medulloblastoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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