Heterogeneity of γ-globin chain synthesis in Saudi newborns

G. A. Niazi, H. M. Yaish, F. Kutlar, T. H.J. Huisman

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cord blood samples from 655 unselected neonates born to Saudi mothers at King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were analysed to determine the levels of γ-globin chains in Saudis. The percentage of three types of γ-chains of human fetal hemoglobin ((A)γ(T), (G)γ and (A)γ(I)) was obtained by high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. Although the majority of babies (631/655) had normal (G)γ values in the range of 58-74%, there were only 69% with normal (G)γ/(A)γ ratio (Table 1). The (A)γ(T) chain or HbF Sardinia was present in 28% of the total neonates with a gene frequency of 0.160. The (A)γ(T) values in this group ranged between 11-42%. Eight babies (1.2%) had (G)γ levels 45% or less (mean 41 ± 3%) and in 16 neonates (2.4%), (G)γ values were highly elevated (mean 81.4 + 2.8%). The frequency of two (G)γ-globin genes was 0.0061 and 0.0122, respectively, which is comparable with other ethnic or racial groups. The differences in (G)γ to (A)γ ratio in some Saudi babies could be due to an abnormal arrangement of γ-globin genes of β-globin gene cluster which is now being investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-383
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hematology
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Niazi, G. A., Yaish, H. M., Kutlar, F., & Huisman, T. H. J. (1991). Heterogeneity of γ-globin chain synthesis in Saudi newborns. International Journal of Hematology, 54(5), 377-383.