Homeostatic cAMP regulation by the RGS7 complex controls depression-related behaviors

Cesare Orlandi, Laurie P. Sutton, Brian S. Muntean, Chenghui Song, Kirill A. Martemyanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Affective disorders arise from abnormal responses of the brain to prolonged exposure to challenging environmental stimuli. Recent work identified the orphan receptor GPR158 as a molecular link between chronic stress and depression. Here we reveal a non-canonical mechanism by which GPR158 exerts its effects on stress-induced depression by the complex formation with Regulator of G protein Signaling 7 (RGS7). Chronic stress promotes membrane recruitment of RGS7 via GPR158 in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). The resultant complex suppresses homeostatic regulation of cAMP by inhibitory GPCRs in the region. Accordingly, RGS7 loss in mice induces an antidepressant-like phenotype and resiliency to stress, whereas its restoration within the mPFC is sufficient to rescue this phenotype in a GPR158-dependent way. These findings mechanistically link the unusual orphan receptor-RGS complex to a major stress mediator, the cAMP system and suggest new avenues for pharmacological interventions in affective disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-653
Number of pages12
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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