Human C1orf27 protein interacts with α2A-adrenergic receptor and regulates its anterograde transport

Xin Xu, Guangyu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The molecular mechanisms underlying the anterograde surface transport of G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) after their synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are not well defined. In C. elegans, odorant response abnormal 4 has been implicated in the delivery of olfactory GPCRs to the cilia of chemosensory neurons. However, the function and regulation of its human homolog, C1orf27, in GPCR transport or in general membrane trafficking remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that siRNA-mediated knockdown of C1orf27 markedly impedes the ER-to-Golgi export kinetics of newly synthesized α2A-adrenergic receptor (α2A-AR), a prototypic GPCR, with the half-time being prolonged by more than 65%, in mammalian cells in retention using the selective hooks assays. Using modified bioluminescence resonance energy transfer assays and ELISAs, we also show that C1orf27 knockdown significantly inhibits the surface transport of α2A-AR. Similarly, C1orf27 knockout by CRISPR-Cas9 markedly suppresses the ER–Golgi-surface transport of α2A-AR. In addition, we demonstrate that C1orf27 depletion attenuates the export of β2-AR and dopamine D2 receptor but not of epidermal growth factor receptor. We further show that C1orf27 physically associates with α2A-AR, specifically via its third intracellular loop and C terminus. Taken together, these data demonstrate an important role of C1orf27 in the trafficking of nascent GPCRs from the ER to the cell surface through the Golgi and provide novel insights into the regulation of the biosynthesis and anterograde transport of the GPCR family members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102021
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • C1orf27
  • ER
  • G protein-coupled receptor
  • Golgi
  • ODR4
  • export
  • maturation
  • signaling
  • trafficking
  • α-adrenergic receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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