Influence of different levels of lipoic acid synthase gene expression on diabetic nephropathy

Longquan Xu, Sylvia Hiller, Stephen Simington, Volker Nickeleit, Nobuyo Maeda, Leighton R James, Xianwen Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) but outcomes of many clinical trials are controversial. To define the role of antioxidants in kidney protection during the development of diabetic nephropathy, we have generated a novel genetic antioxidant mouse model with over- or under-expression of lipoic acid synthase gene (Lias). These models have been mated with Ins2Akita/+ mice, a type I diabetic mouse model. We compare the major pathologic changes and oxidative stress status in two new strains of the mice with controls. Our results show that Ins2Akita/+ mice with underexpressed Lias gene, exhibit higher oxidative stress and more severe DN features (albuminuria, glomerular basement membrane thickening and mesangial matrix expansion). In contrast, Ins2Akita/+ mice with highly-expressed Lias gene display lower oxidative stress and less DN pathologic changes. Our study demonstrates that strengthening endogenous antioxidant capacity could be an effective strategy for prevention and treatment of DN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0163208
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

lipoic acid
diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic Nephropathies
Gene expression
Oxidative stress
Genes
Gene Expression
oxidative stress
gene expression
Oxidative Stress
Antioxidants
mice
antioxidants
genes
animal models
basement membrane
Glomerular Basement Membrane
Albuminuria
clinical trials
pathogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Influence of different levels of lipoic acid synthase gene expression on diabetic nephropathy. / Xu, Longquan; Hiller, Sylvia; Simington, Stephen; Nickeleit, Volker; Maeda, Nobuyo; James, Leighton R; Yi, Xianwen.

In: PloS one, Vol. 11, No. 10, e0163208, 10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, Longquan ; Hiller, Sylvia ; Simington, Stephen ; Nickeleit, Volker ; Maeda, Nobuyo ; James, Leighton R ; Yi, Xianwen. / Influence of different levels of lipoic acid synthase gene expression on diabetic nephropathy. In: PloS one. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 10.
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