In resting condition, obese subjects are described as having impaired diastolic filling. To examine the effect of mild to moderate obesity on left ventricular diastolic performance during stress in hypertension, we determined the filling responses to dynamic submaximal exercise in 19 obese hypertensive patients (body mass index, 26 to 30 kg/m2) with a normal left ventricular structure, 19 age- and sex-matched, non-obese hypertensive patients, and 19 age- and sex-matched, non-obese normotensive controls (mean age, 55 ± 3 yr). Doppler echocardiographic studies were performed at baseline and 1 min after exercise on a supine ergometer bicycle. At rest, systolic function and filling indices, peak velocities of early (E) and late (A) filling, and their ratio (E/A), were similar in the two hypertensive groups, while normotensive controls had higher peak velocities of E and E/A. At a maximum workload of 75 W, blood pressure and heart rate increased similarly in the two hypertensive groups. Peak velocities of E and A increased significantly after exercise. The percentage change in the peak velocity of E was greater in obese hypertensive patients than in non-obese hypertensive patients and normotensive controls (23 ± 4 vs. 12 ± 3 and 14 ± 3%, p < 0.05). Percentage changes in A and E/A were similar in the three groups. Our study suggests that mild to moderate obesity does not further worsen left ventricular diastolic filling at rest and mitigates diastolic filling abnormalities after exercise in hypertensive patients.
- Diastolic function
- Pulsed Doppler echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine