Inhibition of renal outer medullary 20-HETE production produces hypertension in Lewis rats

David E. Stec, David L. Mattson, Richard J. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies have indicated that a deficiency in the production of 20- hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) in the outer medulla of the kidney may contribute to the abnormalities in the renal handling of sodium and the development of hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. To determine whether a reduction in 20-HETE production in the outer medulla is sufficient to induce hypertension, an inhibitor of the renal metabolism of arachidonic acid by P450 enzymes, 17-octadecenoic acid (17-ODYA), was chronically infused directly into the outer medulla of the left kidney of uninephrectomized Lewis rats fed a high salt diet. Renal medullary interstitial infusion of 17-ODYA (400 pmol/min) reduced the formation of 20-HETE in the outer medulla of the infused kidney by 70% compared with values seen in the right kidney collected when the rat was uninephrectomized, but it had no effect on the production of 20-HETE in the renal cortex. After 5 days, mean arterial pressure rose from 115±2 to 142±2 mm Hg (n=6) in the rats infused with 17-ODYA, while mean arterial pressure was not significantly altered in the rats infused with vehicle alone (116±1 versus 117±2 mm Hg, n=6). These results suggest that inhibition of the renal metabolism of arachidonic acid by P450 enzymes in the outer medulla of the kidney is sufficient to induce the development of hypertension in Lewis rats fed a high salt diet and support the view that P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid play an important role in the regulation of renal function and the long-term control of arterial pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-319
Number of pages5
JournalHypertension
Volume29
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • P450 inhibitors
  • cytochrome P450
  • eicosanoids
  • kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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