Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Reduces Patient-Reported Chronic Toxicity Compared with Conventional Pelvic Radiation Therapy: Updated Results of a Phase III Trial

Anamaria R. Yeung, Snehal Deshmukh, Ann H. Klopp, Karen M. Gil, Lari Wenzel, Shannon N. Westin, Andre A. Konski, David K. Gaffney, William Small, J. Spencer Thompson, Desiree E. Doncals, Guilherme H.C. Cantuaria, David P. D'Souza, Amy Chang, Vijayananda Kundapur, Dasarahally S. Mohan, Michael L. Haas, Yong Bae Kim, Catherine L. Ferguson, Stephanie L. PughLisa A. Kachnic, Deborah W. Bruner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical trials frequently include multiple end points that mature at different times. The initial report, typically based on the primary end point, may be published when key planned coprimary or secondary analyses are not yet available. Clinical Trial Updates provide an opportunity to disseminate additional results from studies, published in JCO or elsewhere, for which the primary end point has already been reported.The purpose of this update was to determine differences in patient-reported chronic toxicity and disease outcomes with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) compared with conventional pelvic radiation. Patients with cervical and endometrial cancers who received postoperative pelvic radiation were randomly assigned to conventional radiation therapy (CRT) or IMRT. Toxicity and quality of life were assessed using Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) bowel and urinary domains, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General. Between 2012 and 2015, 279 eligible patients were enrolled to the study with a median follow-up of 37.8 months. There were no differences in overall survival (P =.53), disease-free survival (P =.21), or locoregional failure (P =.81). One year after RT, patients in the CRT arm experienced more high-level diarrhea frequency (5.8% IMRT v 15.1% CRT, P =.042) and a greater number had to take antidiarrheal medication two or more times a day (1.2% IMRT v 8.6% CRT, P =.036). At 3 years, women in the CRT arm reported a decline in urinary function, whereas the IMRT arm continued to improve (mean change in EPIC urinary score = 0.5, standard deviation = 13.0, IMRT v -6.0, standard deviation = 14.3, CRT, P =.005). In conclusion, IMRT reduces patient-reported chronic GI and urinary toxicity with no difference in treatment efficacy at 3 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3115-3119
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume40
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Reduces Patient-Reported Chronic Toxicity Compared with Conventional Pelvic Radiation Therapy: Updated Results of a Phase III Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this