Intermediate time scale response of atmospheric CO2 following prescribed fire in a longleaf pine forest

Brian James Viner, M. Parker, G. Maze, P. Varnedoe, M. Leclerc, G. Starr, D. Aubrey, G. Zhang, H. Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fire plays an essential role in maintaining the structure and function of longleaf pine ecosystems. While the effects of fire on carbon cycle have been measured in previous studies for short periods during a burn and for multiyear periods following the burn, information on how carbon cycle is influenced by such changes over the span of a few weeks to months has yet to be quantified. We have analyzed high-frequency measurements of CO2 concentration and flux, as well as associated micrometeorological variables, at three levels of the tall Aiken AmeriFlux tower during and after a prescribed burn. Measurements of the CO2 concentration and vertical fluxes were examined as well as calculated net ecosystem exchange (NEE) for periods prior to and after the burn. Large spikes in both CO2 concentration and CO2 flux during the fire and increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration and reduced CO2 flux were observed for several weeks following the burn, particularly below the forest canopy. Both CO2 measurements and NEE were found to return to their preburn states within 60–90 days following the burn when no statistical significance was found between preburn and postburn NEE. This study examines the micrometeorological conditions during a low-intensity prescribed burn and its short-term effects on local CO2 dynamics in a forested environment by identifying observable impacts on local measurements of atmospheric CO2 concentration and fluxes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2745-2760
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Volume121
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

net ecosystem exchange
prescribed burning
coniferous forests
ecosystems
Fires
Ecosystems
Fluxes
timescale
carbon cycle
forest canopy
Carbon
canopies
frequency measurement
towers
spikes
Pinus
ecosystem
Towers
effect

Keywords

  • AmeriFlux
  • carbon cycle
  • prescribed fire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Intermediate time scale response of atmospheric CO2 following prescribed fire in a longleaf pine forest. / Viner, Brian James; Parker, M.; Maze, G.; Varnedoe, P.; Leclerc, M.; Starr, G.; Aubrey, D.; Zhang, G.; Duarte, H.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 2745-2760.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viner, BJ, Parker, M, Maze, G, Varnedoe, P, Leclerc, M, Starr, G, Aubrey, D, Zhang, G & Duarte, H 2016, 'Intermediate time scale response of atmospheric CO2 following prescribed fire in a longleaf pine forest', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 121, no. 10, pp. 2745-2760. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JG003351
Viner, Brian James ; Parker, M. ; Maze, G. ; Varnedoe, P. ; Leclerc, M. ; Starr, G. ; Aubrey, D. ; Zhang, G. ; Duarte, H. / Intermediate time scale response of atmospheric CO2 following prescribed fire in a longleaf pine forest. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2016 ; Vol. 121, No. 10. pp. 2745-2760.
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