Activity and self-generated motion are fundamental features observed in many living and nonliving systems. Given that interparticle adhesive forces can regulate particle dynamics, we investigate how interparticle adhesion strength controls the boundary growth and roughness of active particle aggregates. Using particle based simulations incorporating both activity (birth, death, and growth) and systematic physical interactions (elasticity and adhesion), we establish that interparticle adhesion strength (fad) controls the surface roughness of a densely packed three-dimensional(3D) active particle aggregate expanding into a highly viscous medium. We discover that the surface roughness of a 3D active particle aggregate increases in proportion to the interparticle adhesion strength (fad) and show that asymmetry in the radial and transverse active particle mean-squared displacement (MSD) suppresses 3D surface roughness at lower adhesion strengths. By analyzing the statistical properties of particle displacements at the aggregate periphery, we determine that the 3D surface roughness is driven by the movement of active particle toward the core at high interparticle adhesion strengths. Our results elucidate the physics controlling the expansion of adhesive 3D active particle collectives into a highly viscous medium, with implications into understanding stochastic interface growth in active matter systems characterized by self-generation of particles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry