Kaposi sarcoma presenting as "diffuse gingival enlargement": Report of three cases

Jacob K. Stern, Ilanit Stern, Scott S. De Rossi, Saiprasad M. Zemse, Rafik Abdelsayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an angio-proliferative disorder, associated with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) infection. Its occurrence may be favored by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and iatrogenic immunosuppression. Methods In this article, we report on three cases of oral KS, presented as diffuse gingival enlargement. Results All cases were in men; one was HIV-negative, receiving immunosuppressive therapy. The other two patients were subsequently found to have HIV/AIDS. The clinical, histopathological and immuno-histochemical features of the lesions are presented and relevant literature is reviewed. Conclusions Patients presenting reddish blue macules, plaques or nodular lesions on the skin or oropharyngeal mucosa, should be suspected for having KS whenever an immunosuppressive therapy is involved. If the patient is not treated by immunosuppressive medications, it is important to determine the HIV status, as it is crucial in the overall management of patients diagnosed with KS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalHIV and AIDS Review
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Gingival hyperplasia
  • HIV
  • Herpes viruses
  • Oral Kaposi sarcoma
  • Oral pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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