L-Carnitine supplementation impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation in mesenteric arteries from rats

Carmem P. Valgas Da Silva, Julio A. Rojas-Moscoso, Edson Antunes, Angelina Zanesco, Fernanda Priviero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

L-Carnitine (L-Car) is taken as fat burner. The risks of L-Car supplementation for the cardiovascular system are unclear. We evaluated the relaxing responses of the mesenteric and aorta rings from rats after four weeks of L-Car supplementation and/or physical training. Concentration response curves to acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), as well as cyclic GMP levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) were evaluated. Physical training decreased body weight gain that was potentiated by L-Car. In mesenteric rings, L-Car impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation whereas endothelium independent relaxation was increased. In aorta, exercise improved endothelium-dependent relaxation; however, it was partially inhibited by L-Car. SNP-induced relaxation was similar in aorta of all groups. Basal cGMP were increased in aorta of exercised rats. SOD activity and MDA levels were unaltered. In conclusion, L-Car and physical exercise promotes body weight loss; however, it impairs endothelium-dependent vaso-relaxation possibly involving alterations in muscarinic receptors/eNOS/NO signalling pathway in mesenteric artery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume120
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mesenteric Arteries
Carnitine
Endothelium
Aorta
Nitroprusside
Malondialdehyde
Superoxide Dismutase
Body Weight
Cyclic GMP
Muscarinic Receptors
Cardiovascular System
Acetylcholine
Weight Gain
Weight Loss
Fats
Exercise

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Nitric oxide
  • Physical exercise
  • Vascular reactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

L-Carnitine supplementation impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation in mesenteric arteries from rats. / Valgas Da Silva, Carmem P.; Rojas-Moscoso, Julio A.; Antunes, Edson; Zanesco, Angelina; Priviero, Fernanda.

In: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, Vol. 120, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 112-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Valgas Da Silva, Carmem P. ; Rojas-Moscoso, Julio A. ; Antunes, Edson ; Zanesco, Angelina ; Priviero, Fernanda. / L-Carnitine supplementation impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation in mesenteric arteries from rats. In: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 120, No. 3. pp. 112-118.
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