Mutations in lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP-2) gene are associated with Danon disease, which often leads to cardiomyopathy/heart failure through poorly defined mechanisms. Here, we identify the LAMP-2 isoform B (LAMP-2B) as required for autophagosome–lysosome fusion in human cardiomyocytes (CMs). Remarkably, LAMP-2B functions independently of syntaxin 17 (STX17), a protein that is essential for autophagosome–lysosome fusion in non-CMs. Instead, LAMP-2B interacts with autophagy related 14 (ATG14) and vesicle-associated membrane protein 8 (VAMP8) through its C-terminal coiled coil domain (CCD) to promote autophagic fusion. CMs derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CMs) from Danon patients exhibit decreased colocalization between ATG14 and VAMP8, profound defects in autophagic fusion, as well as mitochondrial and contractile abnormalities. This phenotype was recapitulated by LAMP-2B knockout in non-Danon hiPSC-CMs. Finally, gene correction of LAMP-2 mutation rescues the Danon phenotype. These findings reveal a STX17-independent autophagic fusion mechanism in human CMs, providing an explanation for cardiomyopathy in Danon patients and a foundation for targeting defective LAMP-2B–mediated autophagy to treat this patient population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 8 2019|
- Autophagosome–lysosome fusion
- Danon disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas