Ruxolitinib is JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor with established clinical benefit in myelofibrosis (MF). We analyzed long-term outcomes of 107 patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk MF receiving ruxolitinib at MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) on phase 1/2 trial. After a median of 32 months of follow-up, 58 patients (54%) were still receiving ruxolitinib, with overall survival (OS) of 69%. The splenomegaly and symptom reductions achieved with ruxolitinib were sustained with long-term therapy. Therapy was well tolerated; discontinuation rates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 24%, 36%, and 46%, respectively. OS of 107 MDACC patients was significantly better (P = .005) than that of 310 matched (based on trial enrollment criteria) historical control patients, primarily because of highly significant difference in OS in the high-risk subgroup (P = .006). Furthermore, among MDACC patients, those with high-risk MF experienced the same OS as those with intermediate-2 risk. Patients with ≥ 50% reduction in splenomegaly had significantly prolonged survival versus those with < 25% reduction (P < .0001). Comparison of discontinuation rates and reasons for stopping the therapy to those reported for other 51 patients in the phase 1/2 trial, and 155 ruxolitinib-treated patients in phase 3 COMFORT-I study, suggest that continued therapy with ruxolitinib at optimal doses contributes to the benefits seen, including OS benefit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology