MAPK1E322K mutation increases head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitivity to erlotinib through enhanced secretion of amphiregulin

Yihui Wen, Hua Li, Yan Zeng, Weiping Wen, Kelsey P. Pendleton, Vivian W.Y. Lui, Ann Marie Egloff, Jennifer R. Grandis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have not been effective in unselected head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) populations. We previously reported an exceptional response to a brief course of erlotinib in a patient with advanced HNSCC whose tumor harbored a MAPK1E322K somatic mutation. MAPK1E322K was associated with increased p-EGFR, increased EGFR downstream signaling and increased sensitivity to erlotinib. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of MAPK1E322K-mediated EGFR activation in the context of erlotinib sensitivity. We demonstrated increased AREG secretion in HNSCC cell lines harboring endogenous or exogenous MAPK1E322K compared to wild type MAPK1. We found inhibition or knockdown of MAPK1 with siRNA resulted in reduced secretion of AREG and decreased sensitivity to erlotinib in the setting of MAPK1E322K. MAPK1E322K was associated with increased AREG secretion leading to an autocrine feedback loop involving AREG, EGFR and downstream signaling. Knockdown of AREG in HNSCC cells harboring MAPK1E322K abrogated EGFR signaling and decreased sensitivity to erlotinib in vitro and in vivo. These cumulative findings implicate increased AREG secretion and EGFR activation as contributing to increased erlotinib sensitivity in MAPK1E322K HNSCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23300-23311
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amphiregulin
  • ERK2
  • Head and neck cancer
  • MAPK1
  • Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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