Mechanisms of apoptosis in murine fibroblasts by two intracellular protozoan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum

Yoshifumi Nishikawa, Levi Makala, Haruki Otsuka, Takeshi Mikami, Hideyuki Nagasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies to clarify the mechanisms of apoptosis in host cells, A31 (BALB/3T3 clone A31 fibroblasts), caused by two intracellular protozoan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum, were carried out in an in vitro system. The viability of N. caninum-infected cells was significantly reduced following treatment with mouse interferon (IFN)-γ. By contrast, mouse IFN-γ treatment had no significant effect on the induction of apoptosis in T. gondii-infected cells. Apoptosis of N. caninum-infected and mouse IFN-γ-treated cells was shown to be associated with increased DNA fragmentation, and increased caspase-3 and -8 activity, and the administration of caspase-3 and -8 inhibitors inhibited cell death. FasL expression was clearly induced by N. caninum-infection and IFN-γ treatment compared to the T. gondii-infected cells and the uninfected control with or without IFN-γ treatment. The reduction in host-cell viability was prevented with the addition of antimouse FasL monoclonal antibody (mAb). Moreover, TUNEL analyses indicated that apoptosis was induced by the treatment with Fas mAb in both T. gondii and N. caninum-infected cells. These results suggest that the Fas/FasL pathway may play a crucial role in the induction of apoptosis in N. caninum- and T. gondii-infected cells mediated by IFN-γ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-354
Number of pages8
JournalParasite Immunology
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2002

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Neospora
Toxoplasma
Parasites
Interferons
Fibroblasts
Apoptosis
Caspase 8
Caspase 3
Monoclonal Antibodies
BALB 3T3 Cells
In Situ Nick-End Labeling
DNA Fragmentation
Cell Survival
Cell Death
Infection

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Caspase-3
  • Caspase-8
  • Fas
  • FasL
  • IFN-γ
  • Neospora caninum
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Mechanisms of apoptosis in murine fibroblasts by two intracellular protozoan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum. / Nishikawa, Yoshifumi; Makala, Levi; Otsuka, Haruki; Mikami, Takeshi; Nagasawa, Hideyuki.

In: Parasite Immunology, Vol. 24, No. 7, 20.11.2002, p. 347-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishikawa, Yoshifumi ; Makala, Levi ; Otsuka, Haruki ; Mikami, Takeshi ; Nagasawa, Hideyuki. / Mechanisms of apoptosis in murine fibroblasts by two intracellular protozoan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum. In: Parasite Immunology. 2002 ; Vol. 24, No. 7. pp. 347-354.
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