Microneedles loaded with anti-PD-1-cisplatin nanoparticles for synergistic cancer immuno-chemotherapy

Xinmiao Lan, Wangyong Zhu, Xinshuo Huang, Yingjie Yu, Haihua Xiao, Lijian Jin, Jingya Jane Pu, Xi Xie, Juncong She, Vivian Wai Yan Lui, Hui Jiuan Chen, Yu Xiong Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) on T-cells combined with programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) critically accounts for tumor immune evasion. Anti-PD-1 (aPD-1) blocks the binding of PD-1 to PD-L1, thus allowing T-cell activation for tumor cell eradication. Currently, the major challenges for cancer immunotherapy are how to improve the response rate and overcome drug resistance. Dermal administration turns out to be a promising route for immunotherapy since skin is a highly active immune organ containing a large population of resident antigen-presenting cells. Microneedle arrays can pierce the immune-cell-rich epidermis, leading to a robust T-cell response in the microenvironment of tumor cells. Herein, we successfully developed a microneedle patch loaded with pH-responsive tumor-targeted lipid nanoparticles (NPs), which allows local delivery of aPD-1 and cisplatin (CDDP) precisely to cancer tissues for cancer therapy. For in vivo studies, aPD-1/CDDP@NPs delivered through microneedles effectively boosted the immune response, thereby a remarkable effect on tumor regression was realized. Synergistic anticancer mechanisms were therefore activated through robust microneedle-induced T-cell response, blockage of PD-1 in T-cells by aPD-1, and an increase in direct cytotoxicity of CDDP in tumor cells. Strikingly, transdermal delivery using MNs increased the response rate in the animal model unresponsive to aPD-1 systemic therapy. This exhibited promise in the treatment of immunotherapy-unresponsive cancers. Taken together, microneedle-mediated local delivery of nano-encapsulated chemotherapeutic and immunotherapeutic agents at tumor skin sites provides a novel treatment strategy and insights into cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18885-18898
Number of pages14
JournalNanoscale
Volume12
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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