Mineralogenic characteristics of osteogenic lineage-committed human dental pulp stem cells following their exposure to a discoloration-free calcium aluminosilicate cement

Li na Niu, Dan dan Pei, Matthew Morris, Kai Jiao, Xue qing Huang, Carolyn M. Primus, Lisiane Ferreira Susin, Brian Edward Bergeron, David Henry Pashley, Franklin Chi Meng Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives An experimental discoloration-free calcium aluminosilicate cement has been developed with the intention of maximizing the beneficial attributes of tricalcium silicate cements and calcium aluminate cements. The present study examined the effects of this experimental cement (Quick-Set2) on the mineralogenic characteristics of osteogenic lineage-committed human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), by comparing the cellular responses with a commercially available tricalcium silicate cement (white mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot® MTA); WMTA). Methods The osteogenic potential of hDPSCs exposed to the cements was examined using qRT-PCR for osteogenic gene expressions, Western blot for osteogenic-related protein expressions, alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity, Alizarin red S staining, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy of extracellular calcium deposits. Results Results of the six assays indicated that osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs was significantly enhanced after exposure to the tricalcium silicate cement or the experimental calcium aluminosilicate cement, with the former demonstrating better mineralogenic stimulation capacity. Significance The better osteogenic stimulating effect of the tricalcium silicate cement on hDPSCs may be due to its relatively higher silicate content, or higher OH and Ca2+ release. Further investigations with the use of in vivo animal models are required to validate the potential augmenting osteogenic effects of the experimental discoloration-free calcium aluminosilicate cement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1247
Number of pages13
JournalDental Materials
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Calcium aluminosilicate cement
  • Human dental pulp stem cells
  • Mineral trioxide aggregate
  • Osteogenic differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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