### Abstract

We consider the subtractive model repair problem: given a finite Kripke structure M and a CTL formula η, determine if M contains a substructure M' that satisfies η. Thus, M can be "repaired" to satisfy η by deleting some transitions and states. We map an instance M, η of model repair to a Boolean formula repair (M, η) such that M, η has a solution iff repair (M, η) is satisfiable. Furthermore, a satisfying assignment determines which states and transitions must be removed from M to yield a model M of η. Thus, we can use any SAT solver to repair Kripke structures. Using a complete SAT solver yields a complete algorithm: it always finds a repair if one exists. We also show that CTL model repair is NP-complete. We extend the basic repair method in three directions: (1) the use of abstraction mappings, that is, repair a structure abstracted from M and then concretize the resulting repair to obtain a repair of M, (2) repair concurrent Kripke structures and concurrent programs: we use the pairwise method of Attie and Emerson to represent and repair the behavior of a concurrent program, as a set of "concurrent Kripke structures", with only a quadratic increase in the size of the repair formula, and (3) repair hierarchical Kripke structures: we use a CTL formula to summarize the behavior of each "box," and CTL deduction to relate the box formula with the overall specification.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 32 |

Journal | ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems |

Volume | 17 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 2017 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Keywords

- Model checking
- Model repair
- Program repair
- Temporal logic

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Hardware and Architecture

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## Cite this

*ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems*,

*17*(2), [32]. https://doi.org/10.1145/3147426