Suppurative gastritis is an uncommon lesion and often an occult cause of upper abdominal pain without florid signs of a septic focus. There are two main phenotypic forms: (1) localized, also referred to as gastric abscess; and (2) diffuse, in which the differential diagnosis includes a more diverse range of benign and malignant lesions. Cross-section imaging such as CT allows for rapid diagnosis and demonstrates the location and extent, but not the specific etiology, of the lesion. High-frequency endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) have greatly improved the safety and diagnostic accuracy of suppurative gastritis. EUS/FNA provides an opportunity to arbitrate among infectious and malignant or benign tumors, to identify specific pathogens, and in cases of localized gastric abscesses, for resolution by decompression. More advanced endoscopic procedures are rapidly emerging to supplement EUS/FNA, which already demonstrate the promise of improved, minimally-invasive diagnosis and effective management for the diverse range of lesions causing suppurative gastritis.
- Abdominal pain
- Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)/fine needle aspiration (FNA)
- Gastric wall abscess
- Suppurative gastritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas