Mothers' perceptions of benefit following pediatric stem cell transplantation: A longitudinal investigation of the roles of optimism, medical risk, and sociodemographic resources

Christine Rini, Sharon Manne, Katherine N. Duhamel, Jane Austin, Jamie Ostroff, Farid Boulad, Susan K. Parsons, Richard Martini, Sharon E. Williams, Laura Mee, Sandra Griffin Bishop Sexson, William H. Redd

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34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This longitudinal study investigated the course and predictors of benefit finding among 144 mothers of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), a severely stressful and life-threatening medical procedure. Purpose: Children's medical risk and mothers' dispositional optimism and sociodemographic resources were examined as predictors of benefit finding. The association between benefit finding and mothers' psychosocial adaptation was also investigated. Methods: Assessments occurred during hospitalization for HSCT (Time 1 [T1]) and 6 months later (Time 2 [T2]). Results: Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that predictors of benefit finding differed systematically across assessments, with optimism and medical risk predicting benefit finding at both time points but sociodemographic resources predicting only T2 benefit finding. Benefit finding did not predict psychosocial adaptation until optimism was considered as a moderator of their relation: T1 benefit finding was positively associated with T2 adaptation only for mothers high in optimism. Conclusions: The need for longitudinal research on posttrauma adaptation and the utility of considering the natural history of the trauma are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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