Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration

Simona Elisabeta Murph, George K. Larsen, Paul Korinko, Kaitlin J. Coopersmith, Ansley J. Summer, Rebecca Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ability to sequester vapor phase radioactive compounds during industrial processes reduces the exposure of workers and the environment to dangerous radioactive materials. Nanomaterials have a lot of potential in this area because they typically demonstrate size- and shape-dependent properties with higher reactivity than bulk. This is due to the increased surface area-to-volume ratio and quantum size effects. In this report, we developed a gold nanomaterial-treated stainless steel filter, namely wools and coupons, that can be efficiently used for zinc vapor sequestration. Without nanoparticle modification, stainless steel coupons do not react or alloy with Zn. Gold nanomaterials were grown onto various stainless steel filters using solution chemistry that is amenable to scaling up. Materials were characterized by electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering before and after exposure to zinc vapors. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy mapping and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy confirm the formation of gold-zinc alloys after Zn vapor exposure. The effect of surface topography on nanoparticle morphology, size and loading density were also investigated, and stainless steel surface defects were found to have an impact on the Au NP growth and subsequently Zn sequestration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalJOM
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

Stainless Steel
Stainless steel
Metals
Vapors
Nanostructured materials
Nanoparticles
Gold
Zinc
Spectroscopy
Gold alloys
Zinc alloys
Radioactive materials
Ultraviolet visible spectroscopy
Surface defects
Inductively coupled plasma
Surface topography
Dynamic light scattering
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Wool
Electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Murph, S. E., Larsen, G. K., Korinko, P., Coopersmith, K. J., Summer, A. J., & Lewis, R. (2017). Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration. JOM, 69(2), 162-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5

Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration. / Murph, Simona Elisabeta; Larsen, George K.; Korinko, Paul; Coopersmith, Kaitlin J.; Summer, Ansley J.; Lewis, Rebecca.

In: JOM, Vol. 69, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 162-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Murph, SE, Larsen, GK, Korinko, P, Coopersmith, KJ, Summer, AJ & Lewis, R 2017, 'Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration', JOM, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 162-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5
Murph SE, Larsen GK, Korinko P, Coopersmith KJ, Summer AJ, Lewis R. Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration. JOM. 2017 Feb 1;69(2):162-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5
Murph, Simona Elisabeta ; Larsen, George K. ; Korinko, Paul ; Coopersmith, Kaitlin J. ; Summer, Ansley J. ; Lewis, Rebecca. / Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration. In: JOM. 2017 ; Vol. 69, No. 2. pp. 162-172.
@article{37ed96fc9a874690897ed2c2b2f49138,
title = "Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration",
abstract = "The ability to sequester vapor phase radioactive compounds during industrial processes reduces the exposure of workers and the environment to dangerous radioactive materials. Nanomaterials have a lot of potential in this area because they typically demonstrate size- and shape-dependent properties with higher reactivity than bulk. This is due to the increased surface area-to-volume ratio and quantum size effects. In this report, we developed a gold nanomaterial-treated stainless steel filter, namely wools and coupons, that can be efficiently used for zinc vapor sequestration. Without nanoparticle modification, stainless steel coupons do not react or alloy with Zn. Gold nanomaterials were grown onto various stainless steel filters using solution chemistry that is amenable to scaling up. Materials were characterized by electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering before and after exposure to zinc vapors. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy mapping and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy confirm the formation of gold-zinc alloys after Zn vapor exposure. The effect of surface topography on nanoparticle morphology, size and loading density were also investigated, and stainless steel surface defects were found to have an impact on the Au NP growth and subsequently Zn sequestration.",
author = "Murph, {Simona Elisabeta} and Larsen, {George K.} and Paul Korinko and Coopersmith, {Kaitlin J.} and Summer, {Ansley J.} and Rebecca Lewis",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "69",
pages = "162--172",
journal = "JOM",
issn = "1047-4838",
publisher = "Minerals, Metals and Materials Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nanoparticle Treated Stainless Steel Filters for Metal Vapor Sequestration

AU - Murph, Simona Elisabeta

AU - Larsen, George K.

AU - Korinko, Paul

AU - Coopersmith, Kaitlin J.

AU - Summer, Ansley J.

AU - Lewis, Rebecca

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - The ability to sequester vapor phase radioactive compounds during industrial processes reduces the exposure of workers and the environment to dangerous radioactive materials. Nanomaterials have a lot of potential in this area because they typically demonstrate size- and shape-dependent properties with higher reactivity than bulk. This is due to the increased surface area-to-volume ratio and quantum size effects. In this report, we developed a gold nanomaterial-treated stainless steel filter, namely wools and coupons, that can be efficiently used for zinc vapor sequestration. Without nanoparticle modification, stainless steel coupons do not react or alloy with Zn. Gold nanomaterials were grown onto various stainless steel filters using solution chemistry that is amenable to scaling up. Materials were characterized by electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering before and after exposure to zinc vapors. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy mapping and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy confirm the formation of gold-zinc alloys after Zn vapor exposure. The effect of surface topography on nanoparticle morphology, size and loading density were also investigated, and stainless steel surface defects were found to have an impact on the Au NP growth and subsequently Zn sequestration.

AB - The ability to sequester vapor phase radioactive compounds during industrial processes reduces the exposure of workers and the environment to dangerous radioactive materials. Nanomaterials have a lot of potential in this area because they typically demonstrate size- and shape-dependent properties with higher reactivity than bulk. This is due to the increased surface area-to-volume ratio and quantum size effects. In this report, we developed a gold nanomaterial-treated stainless steel filter, namely wools and coupons, that can be efficiently used for zinc vapor sequestration. Without nanoparticle modification, stainless steel coupons do not react or alloy with Zn. Gold nanomaterials were grown onto various stainless steel filters using solution chemistry that is amenable to scaling up. Materials were characterized by electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering before and after exposure to zinc vapors. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy mapping and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy confirm the formation of gold-zinc alloys after Zn vapor exposure. The effect of surface topography on nanoparticle morphology, size and loading density were also investigated, and stainless steel surface defects were found to have an impact on the Au NP growth and subsequently Zn sequestration.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85001698782&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85001698782&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5

DO - 10.1007/s11837-016-2206-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85001698782

VL - 69

SP - 162

EP - 172

JO - JOM

JF - JOM

SN - 1047-4838

IS - 2

ER -