Background: Ocular and orbit melanoma is a rare subtype of melanoma for which outcomes have not been adequately reported. We have analyzed the incidence-based mortality trends of ocular and orbit melanoma over 15 years in USA. Most ocular melanomas originate from the uvea and, to a lesser extent, from the conjunctiva. Primary orbital melanoma is exceedingly rare. Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was queried to find the incidence-based mortality for all patients diagnosed with ocular and orbit melanoma for the years 2000 to 2018. Results were grouped by gender and race (Caucasian/White, African American/ Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders). A paired t-test was used to determine the statistically significant difference between various subgroups (p < 0.05). Results: Incidence-based mortality has been the highest in Caucasian/White patients from 2000 to 2018, followed by African American/Black and Asian/Pacific Islander patients. American Indian/Alaskan native patients appear to have the least mortality. There was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in mortality between Caucasian/White patients from 2000 to 2018, and African American/Black and Asian/Pacific Islander patients. The sample size for African American/Black and American Indian/Alaskan native patients was too low to discern a meaningful trend in mortality. Overall, it appears that Caucasian males and females have a far higher and worsening incidence-based mortality compared to other races. Conclusion: Ocular melanoma and orbit melanoma are rare entities that are predominantly seen in Caucasian/White patients. This study shows that incidence-based mortality has been worsening for these patients in the past two decades. These entities have a poor prognosis and have not been studied extensively in immunotherapy trials. There is a need for new clinical trials to help improve mortality rates.
- Ocular melanoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas