Natural Antioxidants Exhibit Chemopreventive Characteristics through the Regulation of CNC b-Zip Transcription Factors in Estrogen-Induced Breast Carcinogenesis

Anwesha Chatterjee, Amruta Ronghe, Bhupendra Singh, Nimee K. Bhat, Jie Chen, Hari K. Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


The objective of the present study was to characterize the role of resveratrol (Res) and vitamin C (VC) in prevention of estrogen-induced breast cancer through regulation of cap "n"collar (CNC) b-zip transcription factors. Human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A was treated with 17β-estradiol (E2) and VC or Res with or without E2. mRNA and protein expression levels of CNC b-zip transcription factors nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 1 (Nrf1), nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 3 (Nrf3), and Nrf2-regulated antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) were quantified. The treatment with E2 suppressed, whereas VC and Res prevented E2-mediated decrease in the expression levels of SOD3, NQO1, Nrf2 mRNA, and protein in MCF-10A cells. The treatment with E2, Res, or VC significantly increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Nrf1. 17β-Estradiol treatment significantly increased but VC or Res decreased Nrf3 mRNA and protein expression levels. Our studies demonstrate that estrogen-induced breast cancer might be prevented through upregulation of antioxidant enzymes via Nrf-dependent pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-538
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014
Externally publishedYes



  • Breast Cancer
  • CNC b-zip Transcription Factors
  • Estrogen
  • Resveratrol
  • Vitamin C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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