Nilotinib (Tasigna) is a potent and selective BCR-ABL inhibitor approved for use in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CML-CP) and in patients with CML-CP and accelerated phase (CML-AP) who are resistant to or intolerant of imatinib. Patients with CML-AP (N=137) with at least 24 months of follow-up or who discontinued early were evaluated to determine the efficacy and tolerability of nilotinib. The majority (55%) of patients achieved a confirmed hematologic response, and 31% attained a confirmed complete hematologic response on nilotinib treatment. Overall, 32% of patients achieved major cytogenetic responses (MCyR), with most being complete cytogenetic responses. Responses were durable, with 66% of patients maintaining MCyR at 24 months. The estimated overall and progression-free survival rates at 24 months were 70% and 33%, respectively. Grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were each observed in 42% of patients. Non-hematologic adverse events were mostly mild to moderate; the safety profile of nilotinib has not changed with longer follow-up. In all, 20 (15%) patients remained on study at data cutoff. In summary, nilotinib has a manageable safety profile, and can provide favorable long-term outcomes in the pretreated CML-AP patient population for whom treatment options are limited.
- chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research