The phosphorylation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4- propionic acid (AMPA) receptors subunit GluR1 at Ser831 has been implicated in the regulation of AMPA receptors channel. In this paper, Ser831 phosphorylation of GluR1 in rat hippocampus was investigated, which significantly increased during early global ischemia. To further illustrate the underlying mechanisms, calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase IIα (CaMKIIα) inhibitor 1-[N,O-bis-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl]-4-phenylpiperazine (KN62), CaM antagonist trifluoperazine (TFP), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dextromethorphan (DEX), AMPA receptor antagonist 6,7-dinitro-quinoxaline-2,3-(1H,4H)-dione (DNQX) and L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (L-VGCC) blocker nifedipine (NIF), were respectively administrated to the rats 20min prior to ischemia. The results showed that KN62, TFP and DEX significantly attenuated Ser831 phosphorylation of GluR1, while DNQX and NIF had no obvious effects. Consequently, the studies suggest that early global ischemia induced Ser831 phosphorylation of GluR1 may be closely associated with CaMKIIα and the NMDA receptor, while the immediate Ser831 phosphorylation of GluR1 may have been involved in pathogenic events after early global ischemia.
- Calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase IIα
- N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor
- α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas