The effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on sodium homeostasis in the distal tubule are not well defined. Using A6 cells as a model for distal tubular epithelium we measured equivalent short circuit current (leq), as an estimate of net sodium transport. We found that PTH increased leq in a dose-dependent manner. DDA, an agent which inhibits adenylate cyclase, decreased PTH-activated sodium transport, suggesting a role for cAMP elevation in PTH effects. Moreover, addition of Rp-cAMP, an inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, partially blocked the PTH-stimulated leq. PTH also elicited a sustained increase in [Ca2+]i in A6 cells. This elevation in [Ca2+]i was abolished by removal of calcium from the extracellular medium, suggesting the involvement of calcium influx pathways. In fact, addition of the calcium channel blocker nitrendipine to PTH-stimulated leq partially blocked PTH-activated sodium transport. Taken together these data demonstrate that PTH stimulates electrogenic sodium transport in A6 cells and that this effect may be mediated through a rise in both intracellular calcium and cellular cAMP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology