Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of gastric ischemia

Shou jiang Tang, Sumanth Reddy Daram, Ruonan Wu, Feriyl Bhaijee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Gastric ischemia is infrequently reported in the medical literature and under-recognized clinically and histopathologically. Various medical terms are used to describe gastric ischemia. We define and review the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of gastric ischemia. Methods: We describe 6 cases of gastric ischemia. We discuss features of the gastric vascular supply and review literature on this disorder. Results: Gastric ischemia results from diffuse or localized vascular insufficiency caused by etiologies such as systemic hypotension, vasculitis, or disseminated thromboembolism. The disorder is managed by fluid resuscitation, nasogastric tube placement (for intermittent air and fluid aspiration, to prevent or reduce gastric distention), aggressive acid reduction (via intravenous administration of proton pump inhibitors), and selective use of broad-spectrum antibiotics for patients with sepsis or gastric pneumatosis. Conclusions: Gastric ischemia has a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis is required for appropriate patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252.e1
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Endoscopy
  • Gastric ischemia
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Ischemia
  • Stomach
  • Ulceration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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